国際ワークショップの詳細

『戦争・トラウマ・アート War, Traumatic Experiences and the Arts』

なお、本ワークショップは英語でおこなわれます。


趣旨説明

戦争や紛争など、軍事活動が引き起こす社会的苦悩は20世紀以来の重要な問題であった。トラウマ概念が戦争と結びつくのは第一次世界大戦においてである。いわゆるシェルショックについての分析が、トラウマ概 念を定着させていく。またPTSDはベトナム戦 争以後注目される。このように考えると、20世紀は戦争の時代である とともにトラウマの時代でもあった。したがって、戦争とトラウマの関 係についてあらためて考察する価値があろう。また、トラウマとアートの世界はどのような関係にあるのだろうか。症状?表現?治療?こうした問いを念頭に本ワークショップでは、内外から、映像作家やサウンドスケープ・クリエータ、歴史家、文化人類学者、アーティストを招聘 し、戦争とトラウマ、あるいはトラウマとアートとの関係について多角的な考察をすすめたい。


司会&コーディネーター

田中雅一(京都大学)


発表者と発表タイトル

・Rupert Cox(マンチェスター大学),Angus Carlyle(ロ ンドン芸術大学),平松幸三(京都大学)
Sensing Change in Ecologies of Military Conflict

・Ana Carden-Coyne(マンチェスター大学)
Trauma, Toxic Imaginaries and the Healing Arts of the First World War

・福浦厚子(滋賀大学)
Divide and Cohesion: Patriarchal Narratives and its Implications for Female Military Personnel in Japan

・井上リサ(名古屋芸術大学)
The Post War, Disaster of the Earthquake and Silent Bodies 1945-3.11 -Studying the Independent Art Movements in the Tohoku(North East) Regions and the Trauma in the Post war and the Earthquake


コメンテーター

Andres De Antoni(京都大学)

酒井朋子(東北学院大学)

  • 連絡先:shakti@zinbun.kyoto-u.ac.jp
  • 主催:京都大学人文科学研究所 全国共同利用・共同研究拠点「人文学諸領域の複合的共同研究国際拠点」/人文研共同研究班「トラウマ経験と記憶の組織化をめぐる領域横断的研究」(田中雅一・代表)

※以下、発表要旨

・Rupert Cox, Angus Carlyle and Kozo Hiramatsu(平松幸三)

Sensing change in ecologies of military conflict
This paper presents results from recent projects at Kadena, Okinawa and Narita, Tokyo that have combined acoustic science, anthropology and landscape art in addressing the environmental problems caused by aircraft noise. We show how sound may be both an object of study as part of the sense of an environment – reflected in the social movements which protest the operations of US military bases in the Asia Pacific and North America and enact the memory of traumatic events – and how sound may be used as an investigative tool to reveal insights of environmental science. We argue that the art works produced by our interdisciplinary and collaborative methods in sound offer an important model, which we are applying in current and future work, for investigating public understandings of the links between environmental science, public health and the political ecology of relations between the communities linked by the network of US military bases.


・Ana Carden-Coyne

Trauma, Toxic Imaginaries and the Healing Arts of the First World War
This paper will explore the way that artists from various countries involved in the First World War communicated the traumatic impact of modern technological warfare and militarism. Many of these artists were themselves wounded or were attached to medical units, where they experienced and observed great suffering. The paper will also discuss artists’ responses to the first mass use of chemical agents in modern warfare, and the creation of what I call the ‘toxic imagination’ in the cultural memory of modern war. In addition to the trauma of war, the paper will refer to medical efforts to rehabilitate damaged soldiers through artistic means and social programmes employing veterans in the commemorative gardens of the Western Front. The paper argues that environments of violent conflict were transformed from toxic and traumatic wastelands into therapeutic topographies, as the sensory tranquility and aesthetic beauty of the commemorative gardens turned grave sites into sites of healing.


・福浦厚子

Divide and cohesion: patriarchal narratives and its implications for female military personnel in Japan
A militarized world order needs women to find rewards in a militarized femininity [Enloe 1993:174]. Military wives who behave like self-sacrificing, mothers who finally encourage their sons to proof manhood, and women who admire enlistment as first class citizenship holders, all of them and of course we are involved in the militarism. Women’s soldiers are also charged with similar responsibility; brave soldiers, obedient wives, and attractive women. In this way, the idea that women do not commit violence and are primarily nurtures and therefore should not be allowed in specific positions is a cultural myth, and this myth relies on gender ideologies that reinforce a gendered segregation. This gendered barriers are career obstacles that are implemented through policies that define some occupations and roles as masculine [Winddance 2013:42].
Female military personnel in Japan Self Defense Forces run up against an unforeseen difficulty in their work place, home and relatives. How did they listen to the patriarchal narratives from colleagues, boss, husband and relatives? How did they decide to continue their career as female military personnel? My discussion focus on two topics, the one is their experience in child care, and the other is the harassment in the work place.


・井上リサ

THE POST WAR, DISASTER OF THE EARTHQUAKE AND SILENT BODYS 1945-3.11 -Studying the independent art movements in the Tohoku(North East) regions and the trauma in the post war and the earthquake-
There were several independent art movements which started from the end of 1960’s. Many art works in Tohoku were treated with silent contempt and they weren’t fairly criticized nor given a slight attention in the mainstream art. Such a “silent art works” were mainly from the Tohoku and Kita-Kanto areas and it’s not well known that it was the pioneer for the contemporary Earth Works or Open Air Exhibition. And, source of such an independent art works relies in Tohoku region where the Tsunami and Earthquake hit in 2011.
I will try to shed a light on art works during the Post War and come in peace with the trauma by studying them.